What is context in knowledge translation? Results of a systematic scoping review.

Schmitt, T., Czabanowska, K. & Schröder-Bäck, P. (2024) What is context in knowledge translation? Results of a systematic scoping review. Health Research Policy and Systems 22: 52. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-024-01143-5 (IF: 4,0)


  • Tugce Schmitt

Name der Zeitschrift:Health Research Policy and Systems


Seiten von-bis:Art. 52

Knowledge Translation (KT) aims to convey novel ideas to relevant stakeholders, motivating their response or action to improve people’s health. Initially, the KT literature focused on evidence-based medicine, applying findings from laboratory and clinical research to disease diagnosis and treatment. Since the early 2000s, the scope of KT has expanded to include decision-making with health policy implications.

This systematic scoping review aims to assess the evolving knowledge-to-policy concepts, that is, macro-level KT theories, models and frameworks (KT TMFs). While significant attention has been devoted to transferring knowledge to healthcare settings (i.e. implementing health policies, programmes or measures at the meso-level), the definition of 'context' in the realm of health policymaking at the macro-level remains underexplored in the KT literature. This study aims to close the gap.

A total of 32 macro-level KT TMFs were identified, with only a limited subset of them offering detailed insights into contextual factors that matter in health policymaking. Notably, the majority of these studies prompt policy changes in low- and middle-income countries and received support from international organisations, the European Union, development agencies or philanthropic entities.


Schlagworte:Public Health Administration, Implementation Science, Health Services Research,