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Joanne A Vincenten, Irina Zastenskaya, Peter Schröder-Bäck, Dorota Iwona Jarosinska, Priorities for improving chemicals management in the WHO European Region—stakeholders’ views, European Journal of Public Health, Volume 30, Issue 4, August 2020, Pages 812–817, https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckaa074 Priorities for improving chemicals management in the WHO European Region—stakeholders’ views

Titel:
Priorities for improving chemicals management in the WHO European Region—stakeholders’ views

Jahr(gang):
2020

(Erst-)Autor:
  • Joanne A Vincenten

Name der Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Public Health

Heft/Ausgabe:
30(4)

Seiten von-bis:
812–817

Beschreibung:
Background
Prevention of the impact of chemicals on human health and the environment is an increasing focus of public health polices and policy makers. The World Health Organization European Centre for Environment and Health wanted to know what were stakeholders’ priorities for improving chemicals management and prevention.

Methods
Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 18 diverse stakeholders to answer this question. The interview questionnaire was developed using current WHO chemical meeting reports, the Evidence Implementation Model for Public Health Systems and categories of the theory of diffusion. Stakeholder views were attained on three main questions within the questionnaire. (i) What priority actions should be undertaken to minimize the negative impact of chemicals? (ii) Who needs to be more involved and what roles should they have? (iii) How can science and knowledge on chemicals and health be translated into policies more effectively and what are the greatest barriers to overcome?

Results
Cross cutting issues, such as legislation strengthening and enforcement, further collection of information, capacity building, education and awareness raising were considered priorities. The responders had the same vision on roles and responsibilities of different stakeholders. The greatest barrier to adoption, implementation and enforcement of evidence-based policies reported was leadership and political commitment to chemical safety.

Conclusions
Priorities raised differed depending on knowledge, professional background and type of stakeholder. Factors influencing priority identification at the national level include international and global context, availability of information, knowledge of the current situation and evidence-based good practice, and risks and priorities identified through national assessments.

Schlagworte:
government, safety, vision, world health organization, statutes and laws, public health, diffusion