Zum Inhalt Zur Hauptnavigation Zur Kurznavigation
hintergrund
Schröder-Bäck, Peter

Prof. Dr. Peter Schröder-Bäck

Lehre

Fachbereich Polizei
Fachgruppe-
Fächer
  • Ethik
  • Soziologie

Curriculum Vitae

Berufliche Stationen
Seit 2020Professor für Ethik und Soziologie an der HSPV.NRW, Abtl. Köln, Studienort Aachen
2008-2020Assistant bzw. Associate Professor, Universität Maastricht (NL)
2004-2008Landesinstitut für den öffentlichen Gesundheitsdienst NRW, Bielefeld
2003-2004Zentrum für interdisziplinäre Forschung (ZiF), Universität Bielefeld
Studium / wiss. Ausbildung
2012Habilitation (venia legendi "Public Health"), Universität Bremen
2003Promotion in Philosophie (Dr. phil.), Ruhr-Universität Bochum
2000Master of Arts in Bioethics, Georgetown University, Washington, DC (USA)

Publikationen

Bücher/Monographien
(Zeitschriften-) Aufsätze
Warum brauchen wir Ethik in Public Health?Schröder-Bäck, Peter (2022) "Warum brauchen wir Ethik in Public Health?" Public Health Forum, vol. 30, no. 1: 2-4. https://doi.org/10.1515/pubhef-2021-0138 Public Health als wissenschaftliche Multidisziplin („Gesundheitswissenschaften“) und Institution orientiert sich an Werten. Werte sind das, was Menschen anstreben und als moralisch gut ansehen, beispielsweise „Gesundheit“ und „Öffentlichkeit“. Werte liegen moralischen Urteilen zugrunde. Muss man moralische Urteile begründen und Handeln rechtfertigen? Dieser Artikel plädiert für eine positive Antwort. Institutionelles und professionelles Handeln in Public Health braucht ethische Reflexion. The utilization of maternal health services at primary healthcare setting in Southeast Asian Countries: a systematic review of the literature. Herwansyah Herwansyah, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Stavroula Kalaitzi, Peter Schröder-Bäck (2022) The utilization of maternal health services at primary healthcare setting in Southeast Asian Countries: a systematic review of the literature. Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare https://doi.org/10.1016/j.srhc.2022.100726. The reduction of Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) remains a global health issue. Although major progress has been achieved in the past 15 years, the ratio is still high, especially in Low Middle-Income Countries. In the Southeast Asian region, most of the countries have not reached the Sustainable Development Goals target yet. Although the countries have several similarities in many aspects, such as community characteristics, cultural context, health systems, and geographical proximity, the MMR in (...) Exploring the Influence of Sociodemographic Characteristics on the Utilization of Maternal Health Services: A Study on Community Health Centers Setting in Province of JambiHerwansyah H, Czabanowska K, Kalaitzi S, Schröder-Bäck P. Exploring the Influence of Sociodemographic Characteristics on the Utilization of Maternal Health Services: A Study on Community Health Centers Setting in Province of Jambi, Indonesia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(14):8459. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19148459 The Maternal Mortality Ratio in Indonesia has remained high, making it a national priority. The low utilization of maternal health services at community health centers is considered to be one of the reasons for poor maternal health status. This study aims to assess the influence of sociodemographic factors on utilization of maternal health services. The analysis was completed using binary and logistic regression to examine the association between sociodemographic variables and maternal health (...) Expert survey on coverage and characteristics of pediatric palliative care in Europe - a focus on home care. Wager J, Kubek LA, Brenner M, Calmanti S, Doyle C, Lövgren M, Kreicbergs U, Kremer L, Le Moine P, Robert G, Schuiling-Otten M, Schröder-Bäck P, Verhagen E, Zernikow B. Expert survey on coverage and characteristics of pediatric palliative care in Europe - a focus on home care. BMC Palliat Care. 2022 Oct 17;21(1):185. doi: 10.1186/s12904-022-01078-0. PMID: 36244981. Background: For children with life-limiting conditions home care is a key component of pediatric palliative care. However, poor information is available on service coverage and in particular on country-specific pediatric palliative home care characteristics. The aim of the study was therefore to describe the association between pediatric palliative care coverage and national activities and obtain detailed information on the pediatric palliative home care structure in different European (...) Ethik für das „Gewaltreduzierende Einsatzmodell“Bohlken, Eike / Schröder-Bäck, Peter (2021): Ethik für das "Gewaltreduzierende Einsatzmodell". In: Deutsches Polizeiblatt (39), Heft 4, Polizeitrainings / Umgang mit Gewalt, S. 20-22 Es wird ausgelotet, welche Schnittstellen zwischen dem "Gewaltreduzierenden Einsatzmodell" (GeredE) von Staller/Körner/Zaiser und der Polizeilichen Berufsethik bestehen, wie sie an der HSPV NRW gelehrt wird. Verbindende Punkte sind Achtung und Schutz der Menschenwürde, die Rechtfertigung polizeilichen Handelns und eine auf (Selbst-)Reflexion gegründete, ethisch geschulte Haltung des 'Einsatz-Ichs'. Als passenderes Akronym wird "GredE" vorgeschlagen. Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of medication intake adherence among primary health-care users in Albania. Roshi D, Burazeri G, Italia S, Schröder-Bäck P, Ylli A, Brand H (2021) Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of medication intake adherence among primary health-care users in Albania. East Mediterr Health J. 27(5):516-523. doi: 10.26719/emhj.21.008. PMID: 34080681. Background: Evidence about the magnitude and determinants of medication intake adherence among patients and the general population in Southeastern Europe is scant. Aims: To assess the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of medication intake adherence among adult primary health-care (PHC) users in Albania. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2018–2019 in a representative sample of 1553 adult PHC users (response: 94%) selected probabilistically from 5 major regions of (...) Implementation of evidence-based health promotion and disease prevention interventions: theoretical and practical implications of the concept of transferability for decision-making and the transfer processSchloemer, Tamara; De Bock, Freia; Schröder-Bäck, Peter (2021) Implementation of evidence-based health promotion and disease prevention interventions: theoretical and practical implications of the concept of transferability for decision-making and the transfer process. Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz 64(5), 534-543; 10.1007/s00103-021-03324-x Evidence-based health promotion and disease prevention require incorporating evidence of the effectiveness of interventions into policy and practice. With the entry into force of the German Act to Strengthen Health Promotion and Prevention (PrävG), interventions that take place in people's everyday living environments have gained in importance. Decision-makers need to assess whether an evidence-based intervention is transferable to their specific target context. The Federal Centre for Health (...) Tailored communication methods as key to implementation of evidence-based solutions in primary child health care Zdunek K, Schröder-Bäck P, Alexander D, Vlasblom E, Kocken P, Rigby M, Blair M. Tailored communication methods as key to implementation of evidence-based solutions in primary child health care. Eur J Public Health. 2021 Feb 1;31(1):92-99. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckaa234. PMID: 33332562; PMCID: PMC7851896. Background: Evidence-based policies should underpin successful implementation of innovations within child health care. The EU-funded Models of Child Health Appraised project enabled research into effective methods to communicate research evidence. The objective of this study was to identify and categorize methods to communicate evidence-based research recommendations and means to tailor this to stakeholder audiences. Methods: We conducted an online survey among national stakeholders in child (...) On codes, cookbooks and competences of ethicsPeter Schröder-Bäck, Katarzyna Czabanowska, On codes, cookbooks and competences of ethics, Journal of Public Health, 2020;, fdaa005, https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdaa005 https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdaa005 Factors influencing the uptake of evidence in child health policy-making: results of a survey among 23 European countriesZdunek, K., Alexander, D., Schröder-Bäck, P. et al. Factors influencing the uptake of evidence in child health policy-making: results of a survey among 23 European countries. Health Res Policy Sys 19, 136 (2021). Background The ability to successfully transfer knowledge across international boundaries to improve health across the European Region is dependent on an in-depth understanding of the many factors involved in policy creation. Across countries we can observe various approaches to evidence usage in the policy-making process. This study, which was a part of the Models of Child Health Appraised (MOCHA) project assessing patterns of children’s primary care in Europe, focused on how and what kind of (...) Trust and The Acquisition and Use of Public Health Information.Holland, S., Cawthra, J., Schloemer, T. Schröder-Bäck, P. Trust and The Acquisition and Use of Public Health Information. Health Care Analysis (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10728-021-00436-y Information is clearly vital to public health, but the acquisition and use of public health data elicit serious privacy concerns. One strategy for navigating this dilemma is to build 'trust' in institutions responsible for health information, thereby reducing privacy concerns and increasing willingness to contribute personal data. This strategy, as currently presented in public health literature, has serious shortcomings. But it can be augmented by appealing to the philosophical analysis of the (...) Scenario planning: An alternative approach to European Commission for combating antimicrobial resistance by 2050Orellana García, L. P., Kaur, K. ., Brand, H. and Schröder-Bäck, P.. (2021) “Scenario planning: An alternative approach to European Commission for combating antimicrobial resistance by 2050”, South Eastern European Journal of Public Health (SEEJPH), 16(1). doi: 10.11576/seejph-4312. Aim: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the major health challenges of the future, but the concrete impact of counteracting measures is still unclear. To study possible outcomes within the European Union, a scenario analysis for the year 2050 was performed on the possible influence of the European Commission (EC). Methods: Scenario planning and development of strategies based on different scenarios. Results: Rational use of antimicrobials in animals and humans, surveillance and (...) Organ Transplantation and the European Union, 2009-2015 developmentsVan der Spiegel, Stefaan; Schröder-Bäck, Peter; Brand, Helmut (2020) Organ Transplantation and the European Union, 2009-2015 developments. Transplant International 33(6): 603–611doi:10.1111/tri.13598 This article provides a high-level picture of the developments in organ transplantation in the European Union (EU) between 2009 and 2015. This was the period during which the European Commission and EU 28 member states developed an EU Action Plan on organ donation and transplantation. This plan was adopted by the European Commission in 2008, following calls for policy action to increase transplant numbers. It set out priority actions for member states and European Commission to address. This (...) The social value of investing in public health across the life course: a systematic scoping reviewAshton, K., Schröder-Bäck, P., Clemens, T. et al. The social value of investing in public health across the life course: a systematic scoping review. BMC Public Health 20, 597 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08685-7 Background Making the case for investing in public health by illustrating the social, economic and environmental value of public health interventions is imperative. Economic methodologies to help capture the social value of public health interventions such as Social Return on Investment (SROI) and Social Cost-Benefit Analysis (SCBA) have been developed over past decades. The life course approach in public health reinforces the importance of investment to ensure a good start in life to (...) Priorities for improving chemicals management in the WHO European Region—stakeholders’ viewsJoanne A Vincenten, Irina Zastenskaya, Peter Schröder-Bäck, Dorota Iwona Jarosinska, Priorities for improving chemicals management in the WHO European Region—stakeholders’ views, European Journal of Public Health, Volume 30, Issue 4, August 2020, Pages 812–817, https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckaa074 Background Prevention of the impact of chemicals on human health and the environment is an increasing focus of public health polices and policy makers. The World Health Organization European Centre for Environment and Health wanted to know what were stakeholders’ priorities for improving chemicals management and prevention. Methods Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 18 diverse stakeholders to answer this question. The interview questionnaire was developed using current WHO (...) Covid-19: a test for our humanity.Maeckelberghe, Els; Schröder-Bäck, Peter (2020) Covid-19: a test for our humanity. European Journal of Public Health 30(5)852-853, https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckaa180 The Covid-19 pandemic is not a war zone of combat and competing interests, but a ‘test of our humanity’, as the German president Frank-Walter Steinmeier said in his television speech on 11 April 2020. This is as time of carefully addressing ethical principles that both guide and challenge acts and policies, to investigate how these principles contribute to upholding humanity, and how they inform us about unsolvable dilemmas. These are times we have to act even though we might make the wrong (...) Understanding of Medication Information in Primary Health Care: A Cross-Sectional Study in a South Eastern European PopulationRoshi D, Burazeri G, Schröder-Bäck P, Toçi E, Italia S, Ylli A, Brand H (2020) Understanding of Medication Information in Primary Health Care: A Cross-Sectional Study in a South Eastern European Population. Frontiers in Public Health 8:388. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2020.00388 Aim: We aimed to assess adult primary health care (PHC) users' understanding of their medication information in a transitional South Eastern European population across seven domains. Methods: A cross-sectional study, carried out in Albania in 2018–19, included a representative sample of 1,553 PHC users aged ?18 years (55% women; overall mean age: 54.6 ± 16.4 years; overall response rate: 94%). Participants were asked about their understanding of information they received from their respective (...) Covid-19: Eine Ad hoc Public-Health-EthikberatungVerina Wild, Alena Buyx, Samia Hurst, Christian Munthe, Annette Rid, Peter Schröder-Bäck, Daniel Strech, Alison Thompson (2020) Covid-19: Eine Ad hoc Public-Health-Ethikberatung. Das Gesundheitswesen 82(06):507-513. In diesem Dokument beschreiben wir den Prozess und den Inhalt einer ad hoc Public-Health-Ethikberatung vom 22. März 2020 für eine regionale Gesundheitsbehörde (Bayerisches Landesamt für Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit) zu Entscheidungen im Zusammenhang mit Covid-19 What is the role of the European Union in the Covid-19 pandemic? Townend, David; van de Pas, Remco; Bongers, Lisette; Haque, Sharmi; Wouters, Birgit; Pilot, Eva; Stahl, Nina; Schröder-Bäck, Peter; Shaw, David; Krafft, Thomas (2020) What is the role of the European Union in the Covid-19 pandemic? Med Law 39:2:249-268. Whereas the heart of the purpose and activity of the European Union is concerned with economic harmonisation, its internal market, and the freedom of movement of people, goods, services, and capital, necessarily require public health measures. The EU is committed to both human rights and to “Health in All Policies”. This paper considers how that agenda has been confronted by the COVID-19 pandemic. It considers how the EU Treaties limit the possible scope of that response. The paper (...)
Buchbeiträge
Ethische Reflexion für das EinsatztrainingSchröder-Bäck, P. (2022). Ethische Reflexion für das Einsatztraining. In: Staller, M., Koerner, S. (Hgg.) Handbuch polizeiliches Einsatztraining. Springer Gabler, Wiesbaden. S. 693-711. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-34158-9_37 Der vorliegende Beitrag stellt den Wert der normativen Ethik für die Berufsausbildung der Polizei im Allgemeinen und das Einsatztraining im Besonderen dar. Normative Ethik ist die philosophische Disziplin, die sich im Kern mit der Frage „Was soll ich tun?“ beschäftigt und diese Frage mit einem systematischen Rekurs auf moralische Normen und Werte zu beantworten sucht. Zentrale Normen, Werte, Tugenden und Theorien der Ethik werden konzise präsentiert und ihre Relevanz für das vorliegende Thema (...) Ausgewählte Herausforderungen für den Polizeivollzugsdienst in der „Coronakrise“ aus pandemie- und berufsethischen Perspektiven. Schröder-Bäck, Peter (2021) Ausgewählte Herausforderungen für den Polizeivollzugsdienst in der „Coronakrise“ aus pandemie- und berufsethischen Perspektiven. In: Trappe T. (ed.) Verwaltung - Ethik - Menschenrechte. Geschichte und Ethik der Polizei und öffentlichen Verwaltung. Springer VS, Wiesbaden: 113-133. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-32625-8 Dieser Beitrag stellt aus ethischer Perspektive Herausforderungen für die polizeiliche Arbeit zur Zeit der „Coronakrise“ in Deutschland dar. Spannungsfelder der konkreten (alltäglichen und möglichen) Polizeiarbeit vor dem Hintergrund dieser Pandemie werden ebenso beschrieben wie moralische Normen und Werte sowie ethische Theorien, die berufliches Polizeihandeln und die Setzung staatlicher Rahmenbedingungen für polizeiliches Handeln in dieser Phase leiten können und sollen. Public-health-ethische (...) Ethik in den GesundheitswissenschaftenSchröder-Bäck, Peter; Heilinger, Jan-Christoph; Wild, Verina (2020) Ethik in den Gesundheitswissenschaften. In: Razum, Oliver; Kolip, Petra (eds.) Handbuch Gesundheitswissenschaften. 7th edition. Weinheim, Beltz Juventa: 192-211. Die Gesundheitswissenschaften sind ein interdisziplinärer Lehr- und Forschungsbereich, zu dem die wissenschaftliche philosophische Ethik wichtige Beiträge leisten kann, um die Forschung und Praxis zu reflektieren und normativ anzuleiten. Das folgende Kapitel gibt einen Überblick darüber, was philosophische Ethik ist, wie sie sich in die Gesundheitswissenschaften integriert und was von ihrer Verbindung mit anderen wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen zu erwarten ist. Nach einleitenden Überlegungen zu (...)